Researchers from the University of Maryland in America, led by JuHuang Wang and Ouyang Min, have designed a self-regulating fabric sensitive to infrared radiation that reacts to temperature and humidity.
The fabric is made of a mixture of two fibers that are synthetic and work together to allow heat to be released or retained, depending on whether we are hot or cold at the time, 24sata reports.
The polymer fibers are covered with a thin layer of carbon nanotubes. When our body sweats, the layers of carbon shrink, the fibers narrow, and gaps are created in the fabric. In this way, this fabric allows us to be more breathable and cooler. And, if we are cold, the fibers expand to retain heat.
“You can now have single-layer clothing that will give you comfort regardless of your activities,” Wang told Scientific American.
This invention could, above all, help sportswear designers to be able to design clothing for athletes.
Wang plans to continue the development of this adaptive textile. He hopes to test clothes made of that material this year and possibly increase production.